Psychology—Alfred Alder’s Case Study

  1. The main motivation for Toshimi is her inferiority feelings (a normal condition that acts as a source of striving for every individual). According to Alder, such feelings manifest in every individual and act as a source of motivation towards achieving life goals (Schultz & Schultz, 2013). Individuals attempt to overcome both real and imagined inferiorities through high levels of development. In the case of Toshimi, her inferiority resulted from her physical inactive and fragile nature; she was unable to play with her friends and was always excluded from school extracurricular activities. In fact, her best friends who were leaders of baseball teams considered other students to be part of their teams instead of her. To overcome this, she felt motivated to work harder and become better than them. Toshimi had a creative power of self (the ability of an individual to create the appropriate style of life) by not letting her past experience define her; she moved beyond her comfort zone to change her destiny. Unfortunately, she still had some issues with her education. Thus, there was only one way out, she had to admit that she needs “to pay someone to write my essay”.
  2. Toshimi’s goal was to strive for superiority and perfection. Alder defines this as the urge towards perfection or completion that motivates individuals to strive in life (Schultz & Schultz, 2013). Toshimi aimed at becoming healthy and physically fit. She wanted others to recognize and respect her athleticism and stop seeing her as a sluggish, lazy girl. In order to achieve this, she perfected her dancing skills and practiced ballet; she even went for dancing classes and had a teacher to train her. Through this, she achieved her goal of fitness and became recognized. She even managed to open a dancing school where she trained many other girls.

Toshimi’s fictional finalism (idea of ultimate goal that guides one’s behavior and action) was becoming active and athletic. She aimed at becoming one of the recognized active students. With this as a goal, she knew what she was working towards and decided to take the dancing class seriously, and finally managed to surpass her goal by being recognized regionally.

  1. Toshimi’s birth order according to Alder, is The One Child. Alder suggests that such children are usually the center of attention to their parents and develop faster because they are surrounded by adults (Schultz & Schultz, 2013). It is also noted that the children usually face difficulties in external environments such as school where they receive less attention. Alder further suggests that children of this order know neither how to share nor compete with others. It is clear that Toshimi received a lot of attention while she was young, but this was justified because of her illness.

Some of the claims made by Alder seem to contradict Toshimi’s experience. While Alder’s theory suggests that One Child faces difficultes of coping in the external environment, Toshimi manages to survive in the school environment even though other students try to make her feel less important. Alder claims that such children cannot compete or share with others because of the environment they are brought up in. However, Toshimi competes and strives harder to achieve her goal. While at the dancing camp, she is able to share her dancing skills with the young girls she attended class with and further becomes a good trainer.

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